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Party leaders of the United States Senate

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The Party leaders of the United States Senate are the United States Senators who is elected by their respective party conferences. This leader serves as the chief Senate spokespeople for there parties and manages and schedules the legislative and executive business of the Senate. By rule, the Presiding Officer gives the Majority Leader priority in obtaining recognition to speak on the floor of the Senate.

The Majority Leader customarily serves as the chief representative of his or her party in Senate, and sometimes even in all of Congress if the House of Representatives and thus the office of Speaker of the House is controlled by the opposition party.

Many state senates are organized in the same way as the United States Senate.

Current floor leadersEdit

The Senate is currently composed of 52 Republicans and 48 Democrats. The incumbent Majority Leader is Robert Royce of Pennsylvania. The incumbent Minority Leader is the Wendell Tripplehorn.

HistoryEdit

The Democrats began the practice of electing floor leaders in 1920 while they were in the minority. In 1925 the majority (at the time) Republicans also adopted this language when Charles Curtis became the first (official) Majority Leader although his immediate predecessor Henry Cabot Lodge is considered the first (unofficial) Majority Leader.

The Constitution designates the Vice President of the United States as President of the Senate. The Constitution also calls for a President pro tempore to serve as the leader of the body when the President of the Senate (the Vice President) is absent. In practice, neither the Vice President nor the President pro tempore—customarily the most senior (longest-serving) Senator in the majority party—actually presides over the Senate on a daily basis; that task is given to junior Senators of the majority party, in part so they may learn proper procedure. For these reasons, it is the Majority Leader who in practice manages the Senate.

List of party leadersEdit

The Democratic Party first selected a leader in 1920. The Republican Party first formally designated a leader in 1925, although Henry Cabot Lodge had been unofficially leader since 1920.

# Democratic Leader Home state Term of Office
1 Oscar Underwood Alabama 1920-1923
2 Joseph T. Robinson Arkansas 1923-1937
3 Alben W. Barkley Kentucky 1937-1949
4 Scott W. Lucas Illinois 1949-1951
5 Ernest McFarland Arizona 1951-1953
6 Lyndon B. Johnson Texas 1953-1961
7 Mike Mansfield Montana 1961-1977
8 Robert Byrd West Virginia 1977-1989
9 George Mitchell Maine 1989-1995
10 Tom Daschle South Dakota 1995-1997
11 John Hoynes Texas 1997-1999
12 Unknown Unknown 1999-2003
13 Wendell Tripplehorn Unknown 2003-
# Republican Leader Home state Term of Office
1 Henry Cabot Lodge Massachusetts 1920-1924
2 Charles Curtis Kansas 1924-1929
3 James E. Watson Indiana 1929-1933
4 Charles L. McNary Oregon 1933-1944
5 Wallace H. White Jr. Maine 1944-1949
6 Kenneth S. Wherry Nebraska 1949-1952
7 Styles Bridges New Hampshire 1952-1953
8 Robert A. Taft Ohio 1953
9 William F. Knowland California 1953-1955
10 Everett M. Dirksen Illinois 1955-1969
11 Hugh D. Scott, Jr. Pennsylvania 1969-1977
12 Howard H. Baker, Jr Tennessee 1977-1979
13 Joseph Furman South Carolina 1979-1987
14 Bob Dole Kansas 1987-1997
15 Jack Moseley Colorado 1997-2003
16 Robert Royce Pennsylvania 2003-

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